by Pat Works
International 10 Man Star Hall of Fame
Arvin Good Guys, the worlds first Ten Man Star makers. Front row L2R: Jim Dann, Terry Ward, Bill Newell Back row L2R: Brian Williams, Gary Young, Bill Stage, Jerry Bird, Clark Fischer, Paul Gorman, John Rinard
Photo by: Luis Melendez - Aircraft: Twin Beech 18, Taft, California, USA.
Back L to R: Jon Butterworth, Ian Morris, Bill Rosenberg,Bob Courtney, Dave Semb, Bill Ashworth, Front L to R: Bill Adams, Ross Jamieson, Denis Musson, Rob Benton Ardmore, Papakura Aircraft DC3
This photo is of “Sydney Siders” which was the team that went on to become the “Gully Cats”. Russell COCKING, Geoff BINGHAM, Bob BARRY, Kenny HILLS, Andy SKI, Eddie SMITH, Dingus McKIE, Stewie McNEE, David HOBBS and Ian SWINBOURNE.
The 10-Man Speed Event was won by the “Gully Cats”.1973 AUSTRALIAN NATIONALS
Ian Swinbourne F78
10-Man Star - Wilton, NSW. April 24th 1971 [1st 10-Way in Australia]
May 9, 1971, Canada
From Buzz Bennett
First 10 man star in Canada was 9 May, 1971 at the Abbotsford DZ in British Columbia (not the airport as in 1958) using a C180 and a C207.
Participants were: Ray Landers, Pat Catherwood, Buzz Bennett, Gjerluf Mortensen, Mike Dichow, Vern McCaig, Gerry Harper, Lea Johnson, Dave Adams & Ron Dionne.
Built in 45 seconds and held for 7.
No photos, I'm afraid. Due to the rapidly growing interest in this new dimension of parachuting, the "Canadian 10 Man Star Crest" was introduced.
From Sport Parachutist
The story starts at Grindale Field at the end of May 1971 when the nucleus of the team, Jim Crocker, Sally Cain, Charles Shea-Simonds, John Middleton, John Shankland, Clive Rumney and Steve Marosszeky made thirty odd descents from the South West Aviation Skyvan over the East Riding Countryside the team could not break the psychological barrier of the eight man and finished the ten days with six seven-man hook- ups, plenty of sixes, fives and fours.The value of this training realized itself when the seven already mentioned gathered at Halfpenny Green Airfield over the 1971 August Bank Holiday weekend, and were joined by Mike Bolton, Steve Talbot, John Thomason, Bob Higgins and wandering American Pete Gruber who then built our very own TEN MAN!
Aircraft: Short Skyvan - The team [in order of entry] were:
 Steve Talbot,  Charles Shea-Simonds D192,  Jim Crocker D493,  John Shankland D651,  Sally Cain D850,  Mike Bolton D875,
 Pete Gruber D1928 [USA],  Steve Marosszeky C277 [AUS],
 Clive Rumney E 62 [AUS],  John Middleton [F 36 [AUS]
L to R: John Beard (RIP), Tony Unwin, Guy Sutton, Jeff Lancaster, ?, Mark Miller (camera) Dave Fiddler, John Cole, Mike O'Brien, Terry Forden, Dave Waterman (camera), Tony Dale The article was probably printed well after the photos were taken in the summer of 1971, although we did jump through the winter. We had alternates so I am not sure who was in the first 10-man
From Sport Parachutist - Walters Vogel, at St Johan Aircraft: Dornier D28 Wolfgang Minstedt, Harmut Huber, Alfred De-Meester, Peter Rast, Werner Fleig Peter Bottgenbach, Fred Hesse, Marwig Herzog, Jurgen Habermann, Walter Eichhorn.
FRANCE summer 1972 From Sport Parachutist Photo by Peter Bottenbach TO BE CONFIRMED
1973 March SOUTH AFRICA
THE FIRST TEN-MAN STAR in Africa was achieved at Wonderboom Airfield during the Terence Daly Memorial Parachuting competition. After the much publicised (iTeam Fiat” had failed in three attempts, a combined team from Westonaria, South African Aviation Centre and Rhodesia succeeded on the first attempt. The team members are: (back row standing) Dave Whitfield, Peter Jacobs, Reuben Knoetze, John Higgins, Roy Magnussen; (front kneeling) Pat Smith, George Oldbury, Basil White, Gordon Robertson and Eroll Eddy. The Jump was made from a Queen-Air at an exit altitude of 13000 ft. Ere 11 Eddy now qualifies for a solo star crest, and Dave Whitfield, Gordon Robertson, Peter Jacobs, and Roy Magnussen qualify for the eight-man star crest (there is no ten-man star crest yet).
From: Wings Over Africa - Aircraft: Beechcraft Queenair
I attach the Polar Bears patch.
First Norwegian 10-way 15 July 1973 Jarlsberg DZ
These same 8 plus Per Stai and Lasse Lafjell made up Norway’s first 10-way 15 days later, July 15th 1973 (no picture of that group).
From Henny Wiggers: I’ve not so many information about the first formations in The Netherlands but found some info about the first 10-way at our National Skydiving Centre Teuge. 1979, so very late in the evolution of RW.
PARACENTRUM TEUGE PH-BOB
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From Andrew Hamilton The eventual all Portuguese first 8 way in Portugal in 1981
THIS PART OF THE ALBUM HAS STALLED
IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THE TIMELINE CAN READERS PLEASE CONTACT ME VIA FACEBOOK MESSAGES WITH ANY INFORMATION THEY MAY HAVE ON THE COUNTRIES NOT RECORDED HERE.
WE NEED THE DATES AND LOCATION AND WHERE POSSIBLE THE AIRCRAFT, PHOTO AND NAMES OF THE PARTICIPANTS WHO ACHIEVED THIS MILESTONE FIRST IN THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
1972 September 2nd ELSINORE Ca USA
Photograph by Ray Cottingham Extract from article by JOHN MEACOCK in SPORT PARACHUTIST January 1973
Ever since the first hook-up in 19? relative work has become increasingly popular, the number of Star Crest recipients reaching the 2,000 mark. The high standard the Americans have set is rapidly being approached throughout the world. Ten-man stars are becoming a much more common sight in the sky and this has lent itself to the Speed Star.
After the Xl WORLD PARACHUTE CHAMPIONSHIPS at Tahlequah, Oklahoma many of the jumpers attended the TED WEBSTERS S.C.R. SCRAMBLES at Elsinore, Ccalifornia. A new record of a slightly different nature was set - the 1st INTERNATIONAL 12-MAN STAR - concrived by Pete Gruber. lt was a practical demonstration of the unity among countries and showed everybody that the world really has "turned on to Relative Work".
We started with an eight man practice jump with representatives from - SOUTH AFRICA (Ruben Knoetze), SWITZERLAND (Hans Willi), VENEZUELA (Mario Strazioto), CANADA (Walter Eichorn), GERMANY (Karl Heinz Kopp), AUSTRALIA (lan Swinbourne), U.S.A. (Pete Gruber) and ENGLAND (John Meacock). More guys arrived who consulted their passports and checked their parentage to see if they qualified.
When the time came for the scrambles we reached our quota with the addition of AUSTRIA (Herbert Pello), MEXICO (Hector Nunez). PUERTO RICO (Hector L. Aponte) and the very attractive Yolanda Hustinx from BELGIUM and Sheila Luker (nee Scott), jumping for KENYA. Bill Smith stood in for CANADA as Walter Eichorn had to leave for Germany. Ray Cottingham, (USA) jumped as photographer.
These skydivers were the pioneers who laid the foundations for Relative Work [later renamed Formation Skydiving] in their various countries. Their achievements inspired skydivers at other clubs to replicate what they had done. As skills improved Sequential RW competition was born.
Equipment manufacturers responded to the specific needs of the “relative workers”. They no longer followed the over engineered principles of military equipment but opted for compact, lightweight, comfortabled kit. Following on from the original Security Crossbow, piggyback sytems were refined and became the sport industry standard. This process was assisted by canopy manufaturers who developed the early ram air canopies into compact high performance gliders.
The 1990s and 2000s saw further developments as skydivers went beyond flat flying and perfected the techiques of flying head down and head up. The development of wingsuits has also added a totally new dimension to what a free falling human body can achieve. The easy availability of bigger turbine engined aircraft has transformed the sport dramatically from the early jumps of the 1950s. Undoubtedly now  is the best time ever to be skydiving