1603 – 2010: BASE Jumping Timeline

Wikis > Skydiving > Chronology > 1603 - 2010: BASE Jumping Timeline

by Pat Works

1603 to 2010: B.A.S.E. Jump Timeline

< http://www.blincmagazine.com/forum/wiki/Timeline?language=tr >

  • 1603 – Faust Vrancic / building jump
  • 1617 – Fausto Veranzio constructed a device similar to da Vinci’s drawing and jumped from a Fausto_Veranzio_homo_volanstower in Venice in 1617. He is considered the first man to build and test a parachute: in 1617, now over sixty-five years old, he implemented his design and tested the parachute by jumping from St Mark’s Campanile in Venice. This event was documented some 30 years after it happened in a book written by John Wilkins, the secretary of the Royal Society in London.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fausto_Veranzio
  • 1783 – Louis-Sébastien Lenormand, made the first parachute Early_flight_Lenormandjump from the tower of the Montpellier observatory using a fourteen-foot-diameter canopy in an effort to develop a way to escape buildings on fire. Preceding the jump from a balloon by André-Jacques Garnerin.
  • 1785 – JEAN PIERRE BLANCHARD, a french balloonist, designed and built the first silk canopy parachute, which could be packed. Before that, parachutes were built with a rigid framework. In 1793, he did an emergency jump from a balloon and broke his legs.
  • 1785 – The de Montgolfier brothers, Joseph and Étienne, tested a variety of parachute designs. It is said that in one of their experiments they dropped sheep on a seven-foot canopy without injury to the befuddled animal.
  • Early_flight_Garnerin1797 – -In October 1797, Jacques-André Garnerin was credited with being the first genuine parachutist by jumping with a parachute without a rigid frame from a hydrogen balloon over London, England. One of Garnerin’s balloon jumps from 8000 feet, a very high altitude for the time, was observed by a French astronomer, Lalandes. As the parachute descended, severe oscillations were induced in the canopy. Lalandes suggested cutting a small hole near the apex of the canopy to inhibit the oscillations. This modification is now known as the vent and does indeed dramatically reduce canopy oscillations.
  • 1802 – Garnerin crossed the English Channel in 1802 in a balloon and landed in England by parachute.

Cocking's Chute

  • 1837 – Robert Cocking distinguished himself by becoming parachuting’s first fatality when he fell to his death in 1837. Cocking jumped an inverted coneshaped parachute (point down) from 5000 ft.
  • 1906 – A British expatriate named Bobby Leach jumped from the Rainbow Bridge between Niagara Falls, Ontario and Niagara Falls, New York with a parachute in 1906, landing in the Niagara River. At that time the bridge was only about half the distance from the falls that it is now (original bridge was destroyed by ice in the ‘30’s). Leach was a daredevil, twice swimming across the Whirlpool rapids as a stunt. He later jumped from a plane over Canada but was blown back and landed in New York.reichelt
  • 1912 – – Franz Reichelt, known as the flying tailor, designed an overcoat to fly or float its wearer gently to the ground like the modern parachute. To demonstrate his invention he made a jump of 60 meters from the first deck of the Eiffel Tower, at that time the tallest man-made structure in the world. The parachute failed and Reichelt fell to his death. The jump was recorded by the cameras of the gathered press. Video of the jump
  • 1912 - At 2:45 p.m. on February 2, 1912, steeplejack Frederick R. Law successfully performed a parachute jumplawstatue from the observation platform surrounding the torch. It was done with the permission of the army captain administering the island. The New York Times reported that he "fell fully seventy-five feet [23 m] like a dead weight, the parachute showing no inclination whatsoever to open at first", but he then descended "gracefully", landed hard, and limped away. A photo of the jump appeared in one of Phil Smith’s Baseline mags.
  • 1913 - a Russian student Vladimir Ossovski, from the Saint-Petersburg Conservatory, jumped from the 53-meter high bridge over the river Seine in Rouen (France), using the parachute RK-1, invented a year before that by Gleb Kotelnikov (1872-1944). Ossovski planned jumping from the Eiffel Tower too, but the mayor of Paris didn’t allow that. (Information from the Russian edition of GEO (magazine) magazine, issue 11, November 2006, [http://www.geo.ru GEO]).banic patent
  • 1914 - Stefan Banic, a Slovak inventor, constructed and tested a prototype of a parachute in Washington, D.C. by jumping from a 41-floor building and subsequently from an airplane to the United States Patent Office and United States military. His patented parachute became standard equipment for U.S. pilots during World War I. Banic donated U.S. Patent (No. 1,108,484) to the U.S. Army. He received little fame or fortune for his invention.
  • 1914 - stephen Banic / building jump
  • 1917 - Major Orde-Lees and Lieutenant A. E. Bowen made jumps from Tower Bridge on Sunday, November 11, 1917 with Calthrop’s ‘Guardian Angel’ s 150' into the Thames to attempt to convince the Air Admiralty to buy parachutes for their pilots.
  • 1920's & 1930's - In the 20's and 30's John Tranum did a jump from 154' Pasadena Bridge in California and rode a motorcycle off a 1000' cliff, parachuting down safely.
  • 1950s --Dentist Erich Felbemayr made this FIRST ever SUCCESSFUL Parachute jump from a mountain. He Dentist Felbemayr 1st freefall jump from a mountainhad 730 jumps from airplanes before he jumped 280 meters into the valley. The leap was made from the famous "Drei Ziennen" in the Dolomiten, Germany. Felbermayr is from Wels in Northern Austria. He had a freefall of four seconds and an eighteen second ride from jump to landing.
  • 1965 - Erich Felbermayr from Wels jumped from the Kleine Zinne / Cima piccola di Lavaredo in the Dolomites.
  • 1966 - Bryan Schubert and Mike Pelkey parachute from El Capitan, in California’s Yosemite National Park. They use unmodified skydiving gear with round parachutes, and both sustain injuries from landing in wind. Read
  • 1970 - Don Boyles first to BASE jump the Royal Gorge Bridge. He used a 28' sleeved round and a 4 pin military harness.1972 Rick Sylvester ski base jump off El Cap 1
  • 1972 - Rick Sylvester skied off Yosemite Valley's El Capitan cliff, making the first ski/BASE jump (he termed it a "ski/parachute jump"), falling approximately halfway down, about 1500', before deploying his Thunderbow chute. He did this two more times, approximately two weeks after the first jump then a year later.
  • 1973 - Rick Sylvester skied off the top of El Capitan and descended 3000' by parachute. This was conceived as "the world's greatest ski jump". Already an expert skier, he spent 3 weeks learning skydiving to make this jump. He has since retired from stunt work.
  • 1975 - Don Boyles / Royal Gorge Bridge
  • 1975 - The first person to parachute off the CN Tower in Toronto, Canada, was Bill Eustace, a member of the tower's construction crew. He was fired.
  • 1975 - With his friend Mike Sergio, Owen J. Quinn disguised himself as a constructionquinnjump0913 worker and hid his parachute in a duffel bag (covered with tools) and made his way up the North Tower of the World Trade Center to publicize the plight of the unemployed. They were met by a security guard, and while Sergio distracted him, Quinn continued toward the roof and got into his parachute.
  • 1976 - Rick Sylvester skied off Canada's Mount Asgard for the opening sequence of the James Bond movie "The Spy Who Loved Me (film)", giving the wider world its first look at BASE jumping.
  • 1976 - Owen Quinn / World Trade center1st el cap base jumpers
  • 1978 – Carl Boenish put together the first trips to the Valley with the purpose of foot launching parachute jumps from El Cap. The new team consisted of Kent Lane, Mike Sherrin and Ken Gosselin, and that's the order they jumped in. The birth date of "modern" BASE jumping.
  • 1978 - Two week trial legal BASE Jumping period on El Capitan in Yosemite National Park in California.
  • 1979 - The first jumper off the New River Gorge Bridge was Burton Ervin. Burton's jump Bridgeleap1numbers were only in the high 30s when he decided to attempt a jump off the bridge. Burton jumped a conventional North American Aerodynamics Mini Rig System with a 32 foot Lopo Canopy. www.mywvhome.com/more/bridge/index.html
  • 1980 - First Bridge Day BASE Jumps made in West Virginia by Dennis Wood, Miguel Fernandez, Ken Hamilton, Andy Macintyre, and Bob Wolf are the first five jumpers to legally jump the bridge on Saturday, November 8, 1980.
  • 1980 - National Park Service (NPS) issues first legal BASE jumping Permits. Twelve (12) permits issued per day for jumpers to jump from 7:30am until 8:30am each day. September 9, 1980 National Park Service (NPS) bans BASE permits and BASE Jumping in Yosemite National Park.
  • 1980 - Phil Smith, Phil Mayfield, Jean und Carl Boenish. / El Capitan
  • 1981 - BASE Magazine, Published by Carl Boenish, BASE #5 Six issues were published all in the same year. This was the very first BASE magazine. The early issues covered cliff jumping mostly, the later ones covered all the BASEs and was instrumental in helping launch Carl’s BASE numbering system we still use today.
  • 1981 - Phil Smith was awarded B.A.S.E. #1, January 18, 1981
  • 1981 - William Harmon was the first fatality in modern BASE Jumping.
  • 1982 - Wayne Allwood, an Australian skydiving accuracy champion, parachuted from a helicopter over the Sydney CBD and landed on the small top area of Sydney's Centrepoint Tower, approximately 300 meters (980 ft) above the ground. Upon landing, Allwood discarded and secured his parachute, then used a full-sized reserve parachute to BASE jump into Hyde Park below.[2] Video footage is included in the Australian Base Associations' 2001 video compilation, Fistful of F-111. February 22, 1982
  • 1984 - Carl Boenish, “Father” of BASE jumping, is killed on the Troll Wall, Norway. This was the 7th BASE Fatality. June 7, 1984
  • 1986 – 1988 - BASELINE Magazine, Published by Phil Smith, BASE #1, The longest running of them all, this was probably the best known BASE magazine as well. In the last year or two, Andy Calistrate joined to help Phil. The early issues were informative and useful. The later issues weren't as helpful, but the were fun to read in a weird sort of way. Andy later steered the magazine toward the darker side of BASE jumping.
  • 1986 - The Troll Wall has also gained notoriety as a favorite haunt of BASE jumpers. It was one of the sites where BASE jumping was pioneered in the eighties, until Norwegian authorities made BASE jumping from the Troll Wall illegal on July 25th, 1986.
  • 1987 - JUMP Magazine, Published by Nigel Slee, BASE #? (see note below) This magazine was published in England. At the time the British Parachute Association is still banning folks for life when they are caught BASE jumping. Photos in the magazine sometimes sported blackouts over the jumpers eyes and faces just like something out of 1920s porno books.
  • 1987 - Steve Dines (Australian) BASE 157 Made the first jump from the top of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.[2]
  • 1989 – 1994 - The FIXED OBJECT JOURNAL, Published by Nick Di Giovanni, BASE #194.
  • 1990 - In 1990 Australian Mark Scott BASE# 165 / OZ BASE # 13 / SA BASE #1 made the first BASE Jump off London's Canary Wharf Tower 4 days before the topping out ceremony.
  • 1990 - Russell Powell (British) BASE 230 illegally jumped from the Whispering Gallery inside St Paul's Cathedral London. It was the lowest indoor BASE Jump in the world at 102ft
  • 1992 - On 26 August 1992, Australians Nic Feteris and Glenn Singleman climbed Great Trango and then BASE jumped from an elevation of 5,955 meters (19,537 ft) on the Northwest Face, landing on the northern side of the Dunge Glacier at an altitude of 4,200 meters (13,779 ft). This was the highest starting elevation for a BASE jump on record.
  • 1994 - Paul Thompson was fatality #30 BASE Fatality List on January 1st 1994. This was an experienced skydiver who went along on a week long BASE trip as ground crew. Later in the week he expressed an interest in making a BASE jump himself. His jump resulted in a wall strike. He is pulled from the water and later he died. This jump resulted in manslaughter charges and law suits between jumpers and Park Service officials. The jumper's contention is Lake Powell is legal for sea-plane landings so should be legal for parachute landings as well.
  • 1997 - The BASE Newsletter, Published by Gerald Harendza, B.A.S.E. #57
  • 1999 - Dennis McGlynn begins 3 month jail term after being convicted of a class B misdemeanor for BASE Jumping in Lake Powell Recreational Area resulting in a fatality. Dennis was not at fault for the fatality, but prosecutors cited Mr. McGlenn as organizing the week long event where multiple jumpers where engaging in BASE Jumping into Lake Powell.
  • 1999 - Earth World Record: 24 people exit together from Kjerag, Norway. [6]
  • 1999 - Yosemite National Park Protest held to end NPS discrimination. October 22, 1999
  • 2000 - Hannes Arch and Ueli Gegenschatz were the first to dare a BASE jump from the imposing 1800-metre high north face of the Eiger.[2]
  • 2001 - Bridge Day not held for 1st time since 1980 when Bridge Day began. The cancellation was due to the security concerns after the September 11 terrorist attack in the United States. Bridge Day 2002 resumed the annual event. October, 2001
  • 2003 - Old Building World Record (Broken by 30-way) 26 people exit together from the Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia.
  • 2003 - Old Span World Record (Broken by 21-way) 19 people exit together from the Perrine Bridge, Twin Falls, Idaho, USA.
  • 2004 - Building World Record (Overall World Record) 30 people exit together from the Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia.
  • 2005 - Span World Record 21 people exit together from the Perrine Bridge, Twin Falls, Idaho, USA. September, 2005
  • 2006 - The current Guinness World Record for a BASE jump starting elevation is held by Singleman and partner Heather Swan for a jump from 6604 meters (21,667ft) from Meru Peak in northern India on 23 May 2006.
  • 2008 - First base-jumping championship in Spain from the Gran Hotel Bali. More than 30 jumpers from all over the world. Maximum winner Klaus Renz.
  • 2008 - First 'World BASE Race' Competition held in Romsdalen Norway
  • 2008 - Hervé Le Gallou and an unnamed British man (given the alias Dave Donaldson) infiltrated Burj Khalifa, and jumped off a balcony on the 155th floor. They evaded arrest following their successful jump. However, on a second attempt two days later, Le Gallou was caught and subsequently detained in Dubai for three months.
  • 2009 - Kurt Meyer jumped from the bridge called "El Incienso", becoming the first person to make base jump in Guatemala. April 18, 2009
  • 2009 - three women—20 year old Melody Morin, 28-year-old Venezuelan Ana Isabel Dao, and 32-year-old Norwegian Anniken Binz[8]—base jumped from Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world. Ana Isabel Dao was the first Venezuelan woman to jump off Angel Falls.
  • 2010 - Nasr Al Niyadi and Omar Al Hegelan, from the Emirates Aviation Society, broke the world record for the highest building BASE jump after they leapt from a crane suspended platform attached to Burj Khalifa's 160th floor at 672 metres (2,205 ft).

 

 

 

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